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What is Incremental model- advantages, disadvantages and when to use it?

In incremental model the whole requirement is divided into various builds. Multiple development cycles take place here, making the life cycle a “multi-waterfall” cycle.  Cycles are divided up into smaller, more easily managed modules.  Each module passes through the requirements, design, implementation and testing phases. A working version of software is produced during the first module, so you have working software early on during the software life cycle. Each subsequent release of the module adds function to the previous release. The process continues till the complete system is achieved.

For example:

Example of Incremental model in software testingIn the diagram above when we work incrementally we are adding piece by piece but expect that each piece is fully finished. Thus keep on adding the pieces until it’s complete.

Diagram of Incremental model:

Incremental lifecycle model in software testing

Advantages of Incremental model:

  • Generates working software quickly and early during the software life cycle.
  • More flexible – less costly to change scope and requirements.
  • Easier to test and debug during a smaller iteration.
  • Customer can respond to each built.
  • Lowers initial delivery cost.
  • Easier to manage risk because risky pieces are identified and handled during it’d iteration.

Disadvantages of Incremental model:

  • Needs good planning and design.
  • Needs a clear and complete definition of the whole system before it can be broken down and built incrementally.
  • Total cost is higher than waterfall.

When to use the Incremental model:

  • Requirements of the complete system are clearly defined and understood.
  • Major requirements must be defined; however, some details can evolve with time.
  • There is a need to get a product to the market early.
  • A new technology is being used
  • Resources with needed skill set are not available
  • There are some high risk features and goals.